A positive statement can be tested by the reference to the facts.
A normative statement is one which cannot be tested purely by references to the facts.
1. increase in skill and dexterity.
2. time saving
3. individual aptitudes(can do what they are best at)
4. use of mashinery
5. managerial control
2. dislocalisation (strike in one causes big losses)
4. alienation(no job satisfaction)
1. Dont have to train
2. More efficient
4. no breaks
5. no strikes
6. reduce AC
Bounds outwards (concave), because of economies of scale.