different because govn is uniform and powerful. (Govn)Parties can force laws
through. Roughly 1/3 of MP are members of government. As this is big we talk
about the cabinet government, includes the heads of government departments (20ministers).
It is popular to claim that the cabinet govn is from the past. Recently
priministerium govern. Crossman (was a cabinet minister) noticed that the
primeminister is becoming everything. Power grows because
primmin is also the leader of the party. Electorial preferences of parties are
the images of their leaders. So he becomesa key figgure. Thatcher resigned
because people started to dislike conservatives because they did not like her.
nature of government is thatt is growing, getting into new matters and more
deeply (ie economic and social affairs). Creates more cumbersome government
policy. So there is increased need for somebody to lead, direct and control.
Fewer minister in the 1900 had a burden of heavy departmental repsonisbility.
SO it was easier for other ministers to keep and eye on other departments. So
they could develop a more informed view. No they are very busy. Ministers are
now more specialised.
Britain fought a coule of wars and this emphasised the leadership.
Textbooks mention (partially reasonably) that he can choose the time of
reelection and over the appointment of ministers and dismissal of them. This
will increase his impact on collegues. In 1900 if you lost a cabinet position
you were still a duke, but now when they are dismissed they will become
yesterdays men. All the other appointments go through a priministerial path.
controls the cabinet. He can rig the opposition. Everything that goes on in
cabinet reaches primeminister. Cabinet only discusses and does not vote,
primeminister sums it all up. All the previous work before motions are done by
specialised groups appointed by the prime ministers.
all prime ministers inherit a party view. Prime ministers could not leave
critics out of the government as they are dangerous critics outside, because
government has a collective responsibility (one can't go around saying the
government he is in is rubbish). There is a limit of the type of summary the
prime minister can make and how he can sway the decision making.
are still many resignation (Clarke wanted to resign because of the increasing
eurosceptism). It is surprising how easily the government overrides the
resignations. 60 years ago the true decision making body was the cabinet, now
we have to refrase it. Nowadays the things that come to the cabinet is already
finnished. The earlier you come to the policy the easier it is to change it, so
cabinet mostly has time to either take it or leaving it. There are occasional
things they change as they are sensitive politically and say it won't go down
well politically. For example the Royal Mail privatisation.